Fall driving tips
1. Beware the leaves
Brightly colored leaves are a feast for the eyes while they're on the trees, but they inevitably fall to the ground where they can present a safety hazard. Leaves on the roadway, especially when they're wet, can be as slippery as ice so treat them with the same caution. Piles of leaves along the edge of the road can also obscure hidden hazards so steer clear of them.
2. Don't let the sun blind you
The hours of daylight continue to decrease throughout the fall season, with sunrise coming progressively later and sunset earlier. During those periods, when the sun is hanging low in the sky, it can be blinding if you're driving toward it. Be sure to wear high-quality sunglasses in those conditions and adjust sun visors to minimize the glare. Keep the windshield clean, too, as dirt on the glass can amplify the glare.
3. Prepare for less daylight
As the hours of daylight decrease, chances are you'll be doing more driving in dusk or dark conditions – perhaps even commuting to or from work in the dark. Be sure all your lights are working properly and keep them clean. The plastic covers over most of today's headlights can become clouded or pitted with time so it's a good idea to have them cleaned and polished. Be sure all your lights are on all the time – not just the automatic daytime running lights, which in many vehicles leave the taillights off.
4. Watch for children
School is in again, so be extra alert for school zones and children going or coming from school or playing along the roadside after school. They'll be harder to see as the daylight diminishes. Be prepared for school buses and their frequent stops as well. And remember that you must stop and remain stopped while their lights are flashing, on all but divided highways in most jurisdictions.
5. Look out for cyclists, pedestrians and animals
It's not just children that are more likely to be on or near the road in the Fall. As the weather cools, it's ideal weather for people to take a walk, go jogging or take a bicycle ride. And they don't always wear bright clothing to make them visible. If you're driving through an area where wildlife is plentiful, animals such as deer might also make an unexpected appearance. Be wary. And if you see one, expect there to be more.
6. Be prepared for frost and ice
As fall progresses, overnight temperatures tend to drop, often dipping below 30F temporarily. Such conditions are ideal for creating isolated spots of frost or black ice on sheltered areas of the roadway and on bridges and overpasses. Be aware of that possibility and extra cautious in areas that might be susceptible.
7. Adjust for fog or rain
Fog and rain are facts of life in the fall, so be prepared for both and adjust your driving accordingly. Reduce your speed to correspond with the reduced visibility and increase the space behind the vehicle ahead to provide more time to react. If your vehicle is equipped with fog lights, use them, and be sure your headlights are on low, not high beam. In the rain, be cautious of puddles that can jerk at the steering wheel when you hit them, be prepared for visibility to be impaired from other vehicles' road spray, and adjust speed to account for reduced traction.
8. Prepare your vehicle for winter
Fall is a prelude to winter, which can effectively arrive almost any time throughout the period in most of Canada. So prepare accordingly before it catches you out. Once the temperature drops below 7°C, it's time to install winter tires – on all four wheels, not just two. That's also a good time to install new wiper blades and conduct routine maintenance such as changing oil and checking all fluids. Be sure you always have an ample supply of washer fluid and carry a spare container for emergency use. Check your vehicle safety kit as well, to ensure that it's up to date.